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Types of Grasses

Emerald Grass

The Emerald Grass is the more commercialized grass in Brazil, since it adapts well to several kinds of environment and is very resistant to temperature variation, intense cold, insect infestation, weeds and moderate trampling.

The Emerald Grass has small, pointy and narrow leaves, and presents an intense green color. 

It is very good to stop erosion in slopes and is excellent to avoid weeds to grow with time, since it forms a very dense carpet.

This grass requires low maintenance, however, if you want to have it very vivid all the time, it is recommended you to fertilize the grass often (3-4 times a year), water the grass regularly specially during winter when it is drier, and trim the grass at least once a month.

Bahia Grass

This grass is also known as Pensacola Bahia, Beira Grass, Matogrosso Grass or just as Pasture Grass and is a very popular grass all over the world.

It has small and wide leaves and has a texture of velvet.

It adapts well at large and wide areas with high incidence of sunshine.

It also has high resistance to dry and lands poor in nutrients and grows quickly, especially during summer. Therefore, it is widely commercialized to be planted in large areas, and since it is resistant to trampling, it is the ideal grass for recreation areas, as a matter of fact to horse farms since it good as a pasture.

Because of its deep roots, Bahia Grass is largely used for slopes and ravines in order to avoid erosion.

The process of planting Bahia Grass requires more care since it does not tolerate well the shaded areas and is very susceptible to weeds infestation, especially at the planting time up to its settlement.

Carpet Grass

The Carpet Grass is also known as Jointgrass, Tropical Carpet Grass, Blanket Grass, Louisiana Grass and Savannah Grass. It is always green, and it has small and wide leaves and is very similar to Bahia Grass. However, it does not have hair in the leaves and has more leaves than roots when compared to Bahia Grass.

It is normally used as a pasture and to cover large areas and adapts well where other grass doesn’t, such as in half shaded areas.

It is very resistant to humid and cold areas, as well as it is resistant to weeds.

Carpet Grass does not require frequent fertilization, however, it is very sensitive to lack of water, so that it must be watered more frequently.

It is also recommended to trim the grass when it reaches 3-4 cm ( 1”).

Bermuda Grass

This grass is also known as a Silk Grass, Durva Grass, Dog’s Tooth Grass, and Bahama Grass and is the most used and the most ideal for soccer and football fields, as well as tennis, polo, baseball and golf courts.

Bermuda Grass has narrow leaves of a vivid green color and resist well to the dry season. It is also very resistant to weeds and insects.
Despite its soft leaves, it regenerates quickly when damaged or when trampled. That’s the reason it is commonly used for sports grounds and recreational areas.

Bermuda Grass need to be fertilized every 6 months, and trimmed at least once a month when it reaches 2cm (0.8”).

Korean Velvetgrass

The Korean Grass, also known as Japanese Grass, Korean Velvetgrass, Mascarene Grass, Temple Grass, No-mow or Min Mow Grass presents very narrow and soft-textured leaves and is the most ideal for golf courts.

The Korean Grass forms a low and very dense carpet and is very resistant to draught, heat, moderate trampling, diseases and it is also resistant to sandy and rocky grounds. Korean Velvetgrass is very common at coastal areas as well.

Since it is from a warm area, sod-forming perennial grass, it is sensitive to cold temperatures and grows slowly, especially on winter and spring time.
Besides golf courses, it is also very used for ornamental Japanese gardens and if not trimmed regularly, it forms lumpy humps, which is also beautiful in garden decorations.

St. Augustine Grass

St. Augustine Grass is also known as Charleston Grass, Buffalo Grass or Pemba Grass and it is a typical grass for coastal regions

This grass is found mainly in the Americas (North, Central and South), and also at some countries of the Equatorial, Tropical and Subtropical Africa.

It has small and smooth leaves, and presents a dark green color, and the grass forms a very dense green area. It also presents quick growth and therefore, it can be planted in such a way to even leave 30 cm (10”) of space among each grass carpet tiles. It will fill in very quickly after a couple of weeks.

The St Augustine Grass is very resistant to an intense sunshine and half shaded areas. Therefore, it is ideal for lawn under the trees, but still less used when compared to Carpet Grass (Grama São Carlos), which is the most ideal for these type of shaded areas. Besides, it adapts well to coastal areas and therefore, it tolerates well saline and poor soils.

The St. Augustine Grass is very resistant to pests, diseases and weeds. It is very resistant to trampling; however, it is not suitable for sports fields.  

Black Grass

The Black Grass is also known as Dragon’s Bear of Snake Bear in Japanese, it is a grass originally from Asia, more specifically from China, India, Vietnam and Japan.

It has linear, narrow and long leaves of up to 20-40 cm (~ 8-15”). It also presents lilac color flowers and small blue fruits of about 5 mm (0.2”) diameter.

It is used mostly as ornamental plants and it is excellent for covering the ground. It is often used to decorate terrariums and aquariums, since it is resistant to soaked areas and it can stay submerged for some months.

It is very resistant to big variation of temperature, and the extreme cold temperature of up to -20C (-4F) when it becomes dormant.

The Black Grass is also used in the traditional Chinese medicine and is known to be good for the stomach, heart, spleen and lungs.

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